Classroom Setup: Creating Space for Active Music Making {Sparkle & Shine BTS Pt 3}

Welcome to Part III of the Sparkle & Shine BTS Series!!

This post is all about setting up your classroom in zones to make transitions and instructional time super duper efficient. You’ve probably already gotten into the swing of things, and most certainly have your classroom set up (with kids making music in it already I’ll bet), but this post might just have a few ideas you can adapt to your classroom to run things just a teeensy bit smoother.

Think about all the different activities you do in the elementary music room. Do you have a space for all of them? This post is all about creating zones in the elementary general music classroom. Learn how to get set up for movement, instruments, and much more!!

My classroom this year is a music teacher’s dream. In a brand new building, I was fortunate enough to have a lot of input on what kinds of instruments and resources we would have for our students. Even though I’m on maternity leave for the first part of this school year, I was so excited to have everything set up and ready to go for my sub and the rest of the year.

Then BAM—baby girl came early.

No one’s complaining here, because we have a beautiful, healthy little girl who has turned our world upside down in the most wonderful of ways. But I definitely did get my first harsh reality in the wonderful world of rookie parenting: expect the unexpected/be ready for change/be flexible with plans, etc.

All things I’m really really awesome at. (#notreally #teachermomlife #fakeittilyoumakeit)

Before baby, I did check out my new space, took a few million pictures, and made plans for how I want to use the space. All of this comes down to how I create zones in my classroom to make transitioning activities easy breezy lemon squeezy. So although you’ve probably already set up your classroom for the year, and taught more than a handful of kiddos by now, hopefully some of these tips, tricks, and ideas can be implemented into your music room.

(psst!! If you want to see the pictures of my space as a completely blank slate, check out this instagram post here!!)


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Zone 1 - Home Base

This is the place where my students know to go the moment they come in the music room. I generally don't have an activity or song for students as they enter the room, but we do get things cracking the moment they come in with an opening sequence (you can read more about that here).

For me, being at a Kindergarten-2nd Grade School, I find that sit spots are magical. I put the students in a grid formation, with color coded rows. Each student has an assigned spot and are seated boy/girl every other spot. The kids LOVE this as their whole world is all about patterns. (#kindergarten) But for older kids, I have used risers, but still have assigned spots in the same pattern

I do this the old school way with just a pencil and paper. I make sure I use pencil as there are often times I need to make an adjustment within the first couple of weeks  (prior to any assessing, usually) as I get to know the kids better, as well as who they can or can't sit next to. I usually switch up spots after each grading period, since my seating chart also serves as my assessment record. (Get your free copy of my seating chart & find out more about how I do assessment here.)

Zone 2 - Movement Zone

This is probably the easiest zone to create, because it is literally a wide open space. There absolutely positively has to be room for your kids to PLAY and make music in your classroom. This completely and totally overlaps with my Home Base, because we literally play on top of sit spots. Either we ignore them and make a circle (although I know teachers who have different colors of spots for different formations), or we use the sit spot grid to create a long-ways set, or we move in free space for a different type of activity. No matter you movement cup of tea, it's important to have an open and safe space for kids to move and purposefully play. 

Zone 3 - Instrument Zone

The Instrument Zone is one that may be permanent, or temporary depending on the space you have available in your classroom. I'm talking mostly about barred instruments, but also rhythm instruments if you don't have them readily accessible to your students. I strongly, strongly recommend that you keep your instruments out as often as possible. I find that if I have my instruments put away and only get them out on certain days, I use them far and away less frequently then if they are set up all the time in the back of my classroom.

There's so many times a lesson or game is progressing more efficiently than what I expect and it's a natural extension to have kids add a simple instrument part or do a quick improvisation. If everything is put up and away, it likely takes up so much time to set up that you'll be less likely to take that extra 5-10 minutes and do something really meaningful with the time.

I generally have my instruments set up in the back of the room, and my kids know the procedures for going to the instruments. I think it's also really effective to have a system in place for students to choose instruments, to minimize arguing etc. The way I like to do that is with cards that I deal out to students letting them know what instrument is theirs for the day. The cards correspond to the different barred instruments and eliminate any arguments about who gets to play "the big one" (i.e. the bass xylophone) for the day.

Click here to get a free set of Orff/barred instrument cards in the Free Resource Library!

Zone 4 - Stations Zone

Stations are about 4-5 different areas in the room that I have either numbered or lettered or otherwise marked for days that we might do stations. Generally when I do station activities in the classroom they are practice or extension activities for concepts we have already learned, with one of the stations being an assessment station with me. These areas may or may not include some sort of technology (i.e. iPads or other tablets), but generally are in four corners spread out across the room.

Zone 5 - High Concentration Zone/Board Work

Most all of my lessons have a portion I consider to be the meatiest, or highest concentration, where students are led to discover a new musical concept, at least in terms of music literacy. This almost always takes place (after a ton of exploration) at the board. I don't do a lot of defining this space, except that my students know to (1) get close enough to the board where they can see and focus, (2) leave room for me to walk in front of the board, and (3) make a good choice about who they sit next to.

Zone 6 - Calm Zone/Reading Nook

This is an essential zone for little ones especially. The reading nook has a rug and a rocking chair, and is almost always where I keep my puppets. This is the spot I go to when I want to sing a story to students, do some listening activities (if they don't incorporate locomotor movement) and is a perfect spot to close out Kindergarten. 

Zone 7 - End Zone

The end zone is where class comes to a natural close. For younger classes, this can also be the same as the calm zone or reading nook. For older grades, I often end class where we started--in their assigned seats. Another great idea would be to have a special line up spot where students know they are to reset for transitioning back to the grade level classroom. Regardless, this is where I review learning targets for the day and have students self-assess their understanding of whatever observable skills we may have been working on.

Zone 8 - Teacher Zone

Last, but certainly not least, is the teacher zone. It is so important for you to have a place, er corner, that is your very own. Whether it is a music stand to have all your resources organized, an apron to keep manipulatives handy, or your desk that is close by, it's important to have a home base for yourself as a teacher. If you are lucky enough to have an office away from your teaching space, I really recommend that you create another, obviously smaller, kid free zone in the classroom that has all of your plans, tech, tuning fork, and other things you may need at the ready.

I hope that these different zones have given you a new way to approach the set up of your classroom. Even if there isn't much room for a distinction between different physical spaces in your music room, having different procedures in place to get in the zone will make all the difference in your transitions and overall teaching.


When it comes to this Sparkle & Shine BTS Series, you don't wanna miss a thing!! (Oh Aerosmith...) Don't forget, there are going to be some freebies and goodies along the way as well!! Here's a peek at all the good stuff coming up:

If you want to make sure you're ahead of the game on getting any of those freebies, make sure you're signed up to be an Anacrusic Insider below!!

Opening & Closing Routines in the Elementary Music Classroom {Sparkle & Shine BTS PT 2}

Hey party people! I’m so glad you came back for more Back to School goodness to get you set with your best foot forward for the year.

Part 2 of the Anacrusic Back to School Series is live!! This blog post is all about creating the perfect opening and closing routines in the elementary music classroom, Sing, stretch, and get your class off to the right foot to do some active music making!!

Last time we chatted about creating rules and procedures to get your year off and cooking. Today is all about taking things a step further and creating beautiful opening and closing routines in the music classroom. Let's jump right to it!!


Part 2 of the Anacrusic Back to School Series is live!! This blog post is all about creating the perfect opening and closing routines in the elementary music classroom, Sing, stretch, and get your class off to the right foot to do some active music making!!

One of the most effective things that gets kids in gear and ready to go in the music room is to establish routines. I already talked all about procedures and rules, but the type of routine I’m going to talk about now has everything to do with setting the stage for active music making. Although the structure of my music lessons may look different depending on the concepts we are covering, the beginning and ending of my lessons almost always follow the same pattern.

An opening routine for Kindergarten, First, & Second Grade

I tend to separate grade levels into lower (K-1-2) and upper (3-4-5) elementary when doing overarching planning such as creating an opening sequence. For my younger musicians, I tend to keep things pretty much the same lesson to lesson, as establishing that routine really puts them in the correct frame of mind and develops focus essential for later components of the lesson. Often, my opening sequence for K-1-2 will include some or all of the following elements:

Stretches - When walking into the room, my students have practiced going quickly and quietly to their assigned seat, because the moment everyone is in the room, we start with stretches. With my youngest students, this is usually as simple as putting their hands in the air and bending over to touch their toes. I have sung instructions, which they echo back, and transition directly into the next section. Take a listen below to get an idea of how it goes: (psst!! remember this lady is a brand new sleep deprived mama!! My voice is not in tip top shape!! ...not that I'm making excuses ;))

Hello Songs - I always have a few different greeting songs that I sing with my students. There are about a million out there to choose from, and a few of my favorites come straight out of the music textbook series adopted by my building. The point of this portion of the opening sequence is simply to get kids singing. Bonus if you can incorporate different movements and movement exploration within the lyrics of the song.

Learning Targets - Since the students have been engaged by both moving and singing at this point, I take a split second (like seriously, not more than a minute) to point out our learning target for the day. I have students repeat the target after me in segments, such as: “Today in Music” (repeat) “I can” (repeat) “use my voice in different ways” (repeat). My learning targets have some nifty visuals that aid in student understanding and recognition of our targets for the day. If you’re looking for some learning targets, check out my Kindergarten set here & my First Grade set here.

Vocal Exploration - After singing a few hello songs “cold”, I move into really getting students’ voices ready to go. This always includes some sort of vocal exploration story or game. I’ve found that getting kiddos into the proper voice placement is almost always more successful with the use of props, stories, or some sort of visual aid or manipulative that can be used. I use these FREE Hot Air Balloon Vocal Explorations with the story Away We Go (<-affiliate link) and laminated hot air balloons to get kids voices going up into the air.

Echo Singing & Rhythmic Reading - I love to get all of my students, but especially my younger students echo singing right away in a lesson. I go back and forth between the whole class and individual students to see where everyone is sitting in terms of pitch matching and head voice. If you need some more ideas on solo singing, check out this podcast I recorded about a million years ago (seriously). For rhythmic reading, the exercises I use with my students has everything to do with where they are in my curriculum sequence. If they are in the exploration stages of a rhythmic concept, I may have them read icons, text, or even echo nonsense syllables back and forth with me without any visual cue. If they are in the practice phase, or extending material, I use challenge patterns or rhythm poison games to practice.

After setting the stage through all this rich exploration and practice, my students are ready to dive into the meat of a lesson. Although it seems like the previous lesson segments were pretty meaty in and of themselves, the bulk of my lesson is dedicated to purposefully playing and creating, where students have the opportunity to actively make music. The majority of our class time is spend in this exploration phase, with a few interjections here and there from myself to facilitate and element of musical discovery.

*Note: this entire sequence, with the exception of the lesson material, should only take about 10 minutes. Short learning episodes and smooth transitions are the keys to keep pacing up and student interest heightened. Although it seems like a lot to fit in to the first 10 minutes of a lesson (especially if you only see your kids for 30 min like me), you'll find that keeping it brief, but consistent from lesson to lesson pays out over time.

Adapting for older students

So what does this look like with the older kids? Believe it or not, not too different. The small tweaks I make are to find opportunities for those older students to be leaders, rather than consistently using teacher led instruction.  Here’s what I mean:

Stretches - have a student lead silent stretches, by coming to the front of the room and taking different formations for the class to copy. If they need a visual prompt, kids yoga cards are your friend.

Hello Songs - There are so many wonderful mixers out there (i.e. Gilly Gilly Good Morning, anyone?) that older kids love. These get them singing, moving, and interacting with one another. This last part is key as it can sometimes be difficult to get the older kids to really play.

Learning Targets - Why not make this a student job? Have a student leader read the target aloud or have students think pair share on the target for the day.

Vocal Exploration - Again, student leaders are awesome for this. Have them draw or move a vocal pathway and have the rest of the students echo.

Echo Singing & Rhythmic Reading - I love challenging older students in this portion of an opening sequence. Use neutral syllables and have students decode, or challenge them with a memory game like the Clever Caterpillar Rhythm Erase.

Closing Routines - Keep it Simple

To be quite honest, I don’t have an earth shattering closing sequence for my classes. I am firmly in the camp of over-planning rather than under-planning, so often times it will be time to line up when we are still playing a game or creating a new dance. However, there are a few things I would consider when thinking about the end of your lesson.

Consider a Closing Song - Even if it’s simply ending with a new lullaby each time, some sort of closing song is a great way to wrap up a lesson and emphasize that it’s time to calm down and line up.

Keep it Positive - If you are ending with a game, end at a point when everyone can feel good leaving the classroom. Often the last activity is what sticks with kids through the rest of the day, so I make a point to always end with one last round where everyone can feel successful.

Simmer Down - The one grade level I tend to have a closing pattern with is Kindergarten, particularly at the beginning of the year. I love to sing a story to them, because it gets things calm and relaxed no matter what we have been doing in class.

Double Dip - Choose an activity or game that facilitates lining up, like Acka Backa Soda Cracker. (Don’t know it? Get notation and game directions FOR FREE in the resource library by clicking here!!)

I hope what you've taken away from these last two posts is that well practiced expectations and creating awareness for your students is KEY in helping them get into gear and be successful in the classroom. I hope these ideas for creating an opening & closing routine is helpful in starting your new year off right!!


When it comes to this Sparkle & Shine BTS Series, you don't wanna miss a thing!! (Oh Aerosmith...) Don't forget, there are going to be some freebies and goodies along the way as well!! Here's a peek at all the good stuff coming up:

  • Part I - FOOLPROOF classroom rules & procedures (click here if you missed the post!!)
  • Part II - create the perfect OPENING routine to get your kids in gear (scroll up if somehow you missed it!!)
  • Part III - set up your music classroom to optimize ACTIVE music making
  • Part IV - plan for the WHOLE year at a glance
  • Part V - IMPROVE parent communication

If you want to make sure you're ahead of the game on getting any of those freebies, make sure you're signed up to be an Anacrusic Insider below!!

Creating Rules & Procedures {Sparkle & Shine BTS PT 1}

You're in either one of two camps: you're about to start the mad dash to back to school, or maybe you've already even started (in July? eeeeeww, I'm so sorry). OR...

You just gave me the biggest eye roll EVER at the mere mention of BTS.

I'm sorry y'all, but it's coming. And BTS time has the biggest way of sneak attacking us, no matter how great of a job you've been doing at resisting the school supplies at the Target Dollar Spot. Which have been there since June. So I've given you some time.

#you'rewelcome.

Today marks the start of... *cue drumroll, brass band, cartwheels and glitter*

Your guide to the best start of the school year EVER. Over the next couple weeks I'm going to get you as prepared as possible for the upcoming year as possible. That way we can turn all those "I don't knows" and "I'm not sures" into, "oh yeah, I've got this."

What a fantastic segway into today's topic, all about preparing your kids for the most successful year in your music classroom. Let's get crackin, shall we?


First things first, let's define some terms, shall we? Rules are the things you have in place to define and enforce your classroom expectations. Some describe it as a discipline plan, some describe it as classroom management plan, it's all pretty much one in the same. I often find that my kids know the general rules of school life--even in Kindergarten, they tend to catch on pretty quickly. I once had a great mentor tell me:

The best classroom management plan is a good lesson plan. 

It's all about pacing, transitions, and well practiced procedures. Because, after all practice doesn't make perfect, but it does make permanent. As in, a well practiced procedure will be embedded in your kiddos and help the pacing of your classes to be footloose and fancy free. (<— that’s a good thing!!)

Procedures

Here are a few examples of procedures I have in my music classroom:

  • coming into the classroom
  • lining up when it's time to leave
  • finding your seat
  • moving to stations
  • fire drill, lock down drill, etc.
  • transitions to different zones (I'll explain more when we talk about classroom set up!)
  • transitioning to different formations (seated to circle, etc.)
  • getting materials
  • going to instruments
  • needing a drink/bathroom/nurse
  • asking a question
  • finger talk (nonverbal answers as a class)

Although I always do my best to do lots of active music making from day one, there is something to be said for taking the time to practice procedures the very first day. I won’t take the time to do this whole list the first day, but I do take the time to practice entering and exiting the classroom, any safety drills, and transitioning to different formations (i.e. circle, longways set) or activity areas in the classroom (i.e. story center or stations).

Taking the time to introduce procedures the first day and practicing them briefly the next couple of classes (or anytime students don’t transition efficiently) eliminates future problems with transitions and students getting off task.

Now, it’s important to mention, none of these procedures or processes are earth shattering or complicated. For example, practicing finger talk or raising a hand to ask a question is not something that requires 10 perfectly scaffolded steps. But it is worth it to address and practice, regardless of what you expect your students to come into your classroom understanding. The music room is a very different setting than every other learning environment in the building, so it’s important to reinforce expectations that may be school wide. This leads to...

Rules

I have found that with proper procedures in place, the only concrete rules I might need in my music classroom are those that are established campus wide. Often these include ideas like safety first and respect people and materials, etc. Procedures help to ensure that these rules are put into place, but it’s worth it again to establish the expectation that the music room is another learning environment in the building that subscribes to the same rules as the rest of the school.

If you want some specific music room rules (that likely reflect some of the expectations as I outlined above) I LOVE these two sets: (1) Editable Owl Themed Music Room Rules by Music With Miss W & (2) Rainbow Brights Music Rules Posters by Pitch Publications

The Dreaded Discipline PLan

Does anyone else's stomach drop when they hear this phrase? I feel like discipline plans are so heavily emphasized in our teacher training and also a big focus in job interviews. Classroom management is one of those things that takes a lot of time to develop, particularly in the music classroom when we don’t see the kids as frequently. But let me re-iterate what I said above… 

The best classroom management plan is a good lesson plan. 

If procedures are well practiced, transitions are musical and an integral part of the lesson, and your lessons are active and engaging, classroom management will become second nature to your teaching style. However, there are a few tips and tricks I’ve picked up over the years that aren’t necessarily a formal discipline plan, but aid in keeping classrooms rocking and rolling. Here are some ideas for those one or two students who seem dead set on de-railing your beautifully designed lesson. 

  • Name Drop - Often times if I have a student who is just not paying attention to what is going on, and taking down another student with him, I insert their name casually into the lesson that I’m teaching. Rather than stopping everything to address the behavior (which might be the exact attention he wants, and could encourage other students to follow suit), I simply say his name so he knows I see what he’s doing. It’s all about creating awareness.
  • Get Close - Proximity is your friend. Just like saying a name casually creates awareness, moving a little bit closer to the problem area is generally enough to squash any shenanigans that may be taking place. This is especially effective when teaching and playing singing games and play parties. Moving around the room and anchoring yourself next to those kiddos who might need that extra awareness is so super important. Bonus points if you can use a couple of kids as the example or leaders while teaching a game. You can kill two birds with one stone this way--using proximity like no one's business, but also giving those kids a chance to get some positive attention.
  • Emphasize the J-O-B - There are times that you can't discreetly address student behavior through proximity or name dropping. In this case, taking a quick moment to (1) get down on his level, and (2) use a whisper voice asking what his job is can create awareness. Here's what it looks like in action: Student is participating in shenanigans. You have name dropped, gotten close and shenanigans ensue. So you crouch down and whisper, "Hey Henry, what's your job?" the student responds, I don't know. You say, "your job is to listen and follow directions. What is your job?" the student repeats. You say, "Awesome, you may do that."
  • Spectator Sport - The last resort is giving your student a chance to take a watching turn. Particularly if he has repeated his J-O-B and still can't figure it out, invite him to watch because "I'm not quite sure you know what to do, so I want you take a quick second to watch." Then invite him back swiftly so that he has the opportunity to be successful.
  • Phone a Friend - Even after trying all of these steps, there are circumstances that a kiddo just gets away from you. Early on, if you sense that someone is going to have trouble in your classroom, I highly recommend enlisting the help of two key players--the classroom teacher and the parents. The odds that at least one of these folks will be in your corner is extremely likely, although it's ideal if both are. I often ask grade level classrooms what is effective in their experience with students, since they see them more frequently and can maybe even help extend some of the classroom resources into the music room to help a student be more successful. Also, an early positive parent phone call to "touch base" when you sense a kiddo might be headed down the road of a not so positive phone call can really soften the blow when you have to talk discipline strategy. Make sure you enlist the support of others who care about your kids as much as you. It really does take a village.

A final note - Remember that kids are not usually intentionally trying to make your life miserable. Often times, they are just being curious, aren’t engaged, or aren’t well practiced in the expectations for their behavior. By creating awareness and opportunity for success as outlined above, you’re sure to notice a real difference in your students’ engagement.

Celebrate (Even the Smallest!) Successes

If you are lucky enough to be part of a PBIS school, be sure that you are participating in the school wide incentives to keep things consistent and motivating for your students. If there isn't a system in place, touch base with grade level teachers to see if there is anything you can use in your classroom.

Creating carrots, whether they are school-wide, grade level-wide, or just in the music room, are a great way to encourage engagement and reinforce expectations. I have used all three levels of positive reinforcement, and all can be incredibly effective.

Hey, how about a Freebie?!

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If you're looking for something to give your students an extra boost this year, brag tags are a great tool! I've used them both as recorder and general music classroom incentives and have loved the excitement they create!  Just for you, I've included a couple free tags in the resource library to get you started. Click here to go there and get them now!!

If you're looking for something more comprehensive, check out my music room brag tags here.


When it comes to this Sparkle & Shine BTS Series, you don't wanna miss a thing!! (Oh Aerosmith...) Don't forget, there are going to be some freebies and goodies along the way as well!! Here's a peek at all the good stuff coming up:

  • Part I - FOOLPROOF classroom rules & procedures (...scroll on up if somehow you missed it!)
  • Part II - create the perfect OPENING routine to get your kids in gear
  • Part III - set up your music classroom to optimize ACTIVE music making
  • Part IV - plan for the WHOLE year at a glance
  • Part V - IMPROVE parent communication

If you want to make sure you're ahead of the game on getting any of those freebies, make sure you're signed up to be an Anacrusic Insider below!!

Resource Roundup - Curriculum & Lesson Planning

If you're anything like me, the anticipation of the start of a new school year can get me incredibly motivated... and incredibly overwhelmed by #allthethings there are to do before kids even walk through the door. The most daunting task is creating and editing my curriculum and subsequent lesson plans for the upcoming year. I try to always have a super clear (but flexible!) road map of everything I want all my kids to learn. But it can be super intimidating when I start to look at the HUGE pile of resources I've collected over the years.

*insert comment about being a hoarder here*

However, as time has gone on, I've found that I keep going back to the same materials again and again when it comes time for me to make those overarching plans for the year. These resources are my all-stars, the ones that I can always count on to make things a little bit clearer. (psst! click the titles to find out more about each resource!)

Are you an elementary music teacher planning #allthethings for this upcoming school year? If you're looking for resources to make lesson and curriculum planning a little bit easier this go round, you're in luck! I've gathered up some of my favorite resources for planning and shared them in this post. :)

#1 - Lesson Planning in a Kodály Setting by Rita Klinger

This is such a gem of a book. It's wonderful for new teachers, but also for those of us who have been in the classroom for some years as well. It's on my book list for all of my Kodály pedagogy students, for reasons you could infer directly from the title. Howeverif you don't consider yourself a Kodály-inspired teacher, do not run away from this book!!

At $25, this is truly just an amazing model of sequencing. No matter what your sequence looks like (and she has a fabulous one outlined in the text), and although it is very much contextualized by Kodály-inspired teaching, Klinger gives a fabulous example of how to plan long term and in the subsequent short term. Everything from prepare/present/practice, transitions, lesson segments, and much much more are included with this book. Definitely my #1 go-to for all things planning.

#2 - Artful Playful Mindful: A New Orff-Schulwerk Curriculum for Music Making and Music Thinking by Jane Frazee 

Let's just go ahead and get it out there that anything written by Jane Frazee you can pretty muh take to the bank. Her texts on Orff-Schulwerk are some of the most clear cut and inspirational that I have read. This particular text outlines a beautifully composed curriculum for an entire six years, complete with yearly planning and projects to help students discover rhythmic and melodic elements.

What I love most about this text are the many rich examples with different Orff-Schulwerk media (speech, singing, movement, and instruments) all within the context of a project approach to teaching and learning music. This is another one that should, without a doubt, be in your library.

#3 - Music in Preschool by Katalin Forrai

This, my friends, is the Early Childhood and Kindergarten Bible.

*mic drop. We could probably go ahead and just call it good right there.*

Everything you need for your itty bitties is in this book. The concepts, the songs, the games, how to plan... it's the most comprehensive text that I can find for this young age group and I wish it existed for each and every level. Again, this is probably most accurately classified as a "Kodály-inspired resource," particularly considering the author, but I think we can all agree that good teaching is good teaching, regardless of approach.

And with this book? Your approach will be golden.

#4 - Creative Dance For All Ages by Anne Green Gilbert and Teaching Movement & Dance by Phyllis Weikart

It has been a goal of mine for the past couple of years to purposefully include movement experiences for my kids as much as possible. These are both invaluable resources, and for different reasons.

I use Anne Green Gilbert's text predominantly for guidance on sequencing creative movement (obvious, right? it says it right in the title), as opposed to folk dancing. She includes discussion and lesson plans for Laban vocabulary throughout all ages and skill levels. This is so important, especially if you aren't used to structuring movement experiences for your kids. Her ideas and plans are so incredibly accessible and adaptable that any teacher could successfully implement creative movement into their classroom.

The Weikart text is my good old stand by. I've had it since my first year of teaching and it is well. loved. She also includes numerous dances for all ages and gives really wonderful examples of how to break down and process teaching a dance for children. My goal in teaching a new folk dance is to teach it like Phyllis would.

#5 - Listen Up! by Brent Gault and From Folk Songs to Masterworks by Ann Eisen 

Just like I'm trying to incorporate movement experiences for my children, I'm working on being very intentional about creating active listening experiences for them as well. These two texts are wonderful. They both include specific concepts that can be explored with each piece of music, and sequence lesson segments so that teachers can both "plug and play" examples, but also take the structural inspiration and apply it to new lessons and strategies.

Listening can be intentional, purposeful, and active. These texts outline ways to get them moving, singing, and actively engaged in art music.

#6 - Sail Away, 150 American Folk Songs, & any other song collection that you love.

Last but not least, you need some stuff to teach the things. (How'd you like that specificity?) No, but seriously, I can't tell you how many times I have pulled out my own curated collection and thought, I am so sick of this song for this concept and I need a new thing. After all, you have to love a song or game or activity enough to teach it to all of your kids for many weeks on end, right?

Enter: song collections. And the reason I mentioned both of these by name is because (1) they have a lot of good stuff, and (2) they are organized beautifully for my sequence, by concept and with rhythmic and melodic content, and all the other things that my OCD structured and sequenced brain needs to be happy. Not to say that there aren't others out there, but these are two (rather inexpensive) gems that give you an amazing start to your own curated song collection.

Whew. It was hard to just pick six resources that I run to for planning. And if you noticed, I cheated just a liiiiiittle bit and added a couple doubles in there for good measure. There are so many awesome resources out there, but I can promise you that any on this list will get you off to a fantastic start for those yearly and individual lesson plans.

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3 Ways to Prepare "ta" & "ti-ti"

In the wonderful world of Kindergarten, we spend lots of time on comparatives, steady beat, singing voice, and around this time of year, rhythm. This is always a pretty natural transition point for kiddos, as they spend a lot of time talking about sounds and syllables in their general classroom, making it easier as music teachers to talk about one or two sounds on a heartbeat.

There are so many fun ways to prepare quarter note & eighth note in the elementary music room! Whether you call it ta & ti-ti or something different, these are my favorite activities to prepare and practice one or two sounds on a heart beat for rhythm, using one of my favorite songs, Apple Tree. Snag your freebie with song notation and two different game directions!

Although I have a long list of essential repertoire (i.e. really really good songs) to use for quarter note/two eighth notes prep and practice, one of my absolutely favorites is Apple Tree.  This is a relatively well known song and works beautifully for kindergarten rhythm practice and melodic practice in late first or early second grade. Click here to get my notation and game instructions for Apple Tree in the Resource Library!

There are a million different ways to practice one and two sounds on a heartbeat, rhythm vs. steady beat. My students know that "the steady beat always stays the same" and "the rhythm is the way the words go." It's a little call and response we do each and every class to make sure kiddos remember that the beat is constant but the words change depending on how many songs we hear. Here are ways I prepare one and two sounds on a heartbeat for the whole class, in small groups, or individually.

Whole Class Preparation - Icons with Hearts

There are so many fun ways to prepare quarter note & eighth note in the elementary music room! Whether you call it ta & ti-ti or something different, these are my favorite activities to prepare and practice one or two sounds on a heart beat for rhythm, using one of my favorite songs, Apple Tree. Snag your freebie with song notation and two different game directions!

This might be considered an "old school" approach, but honestly one of my kiddos' favorite ways to show one or two sounds on a heartbeat is by using those good old fashioned die cuts/bulletin board accents from the teacher store (get some similar to these by clicking here). The foam hearts are from the Target dollar spot, which I picked up around Valentine's Day. I simply added some magnet tape to the back and they are good to go!

Eraser Dictation

There are so many fun ways to prepare quarter note & eighth note in the elementary music room! Whether you call it ta & ti-ti or something different, these are my favorite activities to prepare and practice one or two sounds on a heart beat for rhythm, using one of my favorite songs, Apple Tree. Snag your freebie with song notation and two different game directions!

Target to the rescue again! I love snatching up all the little eraser packs in the dollar spot because they are absolutely perfect for dictation. I pass out small dixie cups of heart and apple erasers (enough for one motive--8 apples and 4 hearts) to pairs of students. Then we take turns deriving the motives and I show the answers on the doc cam projected onto my board.

This would also be perfect for stations or to share on a video or in a picture in Seesaw!!

Rhythm Coloring

There are so many fun ways to prepare quarter note & eighth note in the elementary music room! Whether you call it ta & ti-ti or something different, these are my favorite activities to prepare and practice one or two sounds on a heart beat for rhythm, using one of my favorite songs, Apple Tree. Snag your freebie with song notation and two different game directions!

Maybe my absolute favorite way to prep one and two sounds on a beat is with these rhythm coloring sheets. I usually take 3-5 of my essential songs for kindergarten and make a mini coloring book for each of my kindergarteners using this set. By the time we have done the third sheet together, they are ready to rock and roll independently the next time. The transition to "ta" & "ti-ti" (the syllables I use in my room) seems almost seamless, and I can use the similarly structured dictation sheets to transfer iconic to formal notation.

Click here to get the Apple Tree coloring sheet in my TpT store!

And don't forget to snag the notation in the FREE resource library. :)